The conversation about climate change has come back to the fore. The ongoing 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties, to be held in Glasgow, Scotland until Friday, November 12th, will focus discussions on countries taking joint action to combat climate change.
The summit has already borne fruit, not least for Kenya. President Uhuru Kenyatta announced this week Kenya’s plan to work with African countries forming the Giants Club conservation group to raise resources for investments in the continent’s climate protection programs.
Discussions revolved around Africa’s current role in the current climate change crisis due to the continent’s role in protecting the continent’s carbon-rich natural landscape.
Effective climate protection will assume collective responsibility and any practicable approach must therefore require that each country, through effective climate protection, help reverse the effects.
Like any other country, Kenya is playing a vital role in managing the crisis, the effects of which have already been seen through droughts, floods and even plagues of locusts in unpredictable weather patterns.
With this in mind, President Kenyatta is keen that the country should actively contribute to combating climate change.
For example, there is an ongoing program to stop and reverse forest loss in the country. According to the UN, Kenya’s forest area accounts for only 6.1% of the total size of the country.
However, Keniatta has assured that the government plans to plant 1.8 billion trees by 2022, an initiative to restore large areas of degraded forests so the country can achieve 10% forest cover.
Increasing forest cover is critical to maintaining and preserving forest ecosystems, which mitigate the negative effects of climate change.
Among the ecosystems that stand out in Kenya is the Mau ecosystem, which serves as a critical water catchment area. Two other major forest ecosystems in Kenya are the Cherangany-Elgeyo Hills ecosystem and the Mount Elgon ecosystem, which have been devastated by deforestation for years.
Uhuru has spearheaded several tree-planting initiatives to conserve biodiversity. This includes initiating a National Tree Planting Day to encourage business organizations and the general public to get involved in tree planting activities. The day is celebrated simultaneously in all districts of Kenya.
Since the forest resources in Kenya contribute significantly to the economic production and consumption activities based on natural resources, agriculture, horticulture, tourism, wildlife and energy are among the most important economic sectors, which indicate the simultaneous dependence of the country on natural resources.
In terms of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, President Kenyatta recently unveiled Kenya’s achievements in developing renewable energies and using technologies to adapt and mitigate climate change.
As a result, Kenya is aiming for a 32% reduction by 2030 compared to the “Business as Usual” (BAU) scenario, which is in the context of the plan, to be completely renewable by 2050 according to its Greenhouse Gas Emission Strategy (LTS.) Energies) for 2050.
In a step-by-step but progressive endeavor, the country is already a pioneer in geothermal energy in Africa, offering significant investment opportunities along the technological value chain.
The country is also the first African country to pass the climate law in 2016, thus ensuring regulatory measures to respond to climate change.
In addition, the Lake Turkana wind turbine has also been used as a solution for providing clean energy to rural communities.
Other clean energy solutions have put Kenya at the forefront of sub-Saharan Africa’s climate change plans for the development and distribution of clean stoves that provide households with clean household energy.
Such efforts can be well imitated by other countries, which arguably ensures a common approach to mitigate climate change.
Kenya has also managed to secure funding for climate change mitigation and adaptation measures, some of which have a $ 16 billion funding agreement for the Guided Climate Change Program (FLLoCA).
Secured in October 2021, this will considerably facilitate the introduction of innovative participation, climate information, demand-oriented capacity building and the monitoring and evaluation of climate protection measures.
As part of a project funded by the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and implementing partners, the country was able to start a 3.7 billion KSh project to combat the effects of climate change in early March 2021, supporting 620,000 people in 11 counties and 500,000 hectares of degraded pastureland restored.
Such funding provides impetus for action and promotes previous funding initiatives that have enabled the progressive development of climate protection projects.
Climate change is currently at alarming levels and every country must commit to reversing the effects of climate change.
Kenya has already demonstrated its commitment to this cause. Other African nations must emulate this if we are to overcome the problem of climate change.
The author is Selina Chiteri, a regular commentator on social, economic and political affairs. The views expressed here are his and in no way reflect the position of TUKO.co.ke.
Source: Tuko Breaking News